Ford’s headquarters are in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. This is the place where the former chief engineer of the Edison Illuminating Company, named Henry Ford, founded the “Ford Motor Company” on June 16, 1903 with a capital of $ 28,000 along with twelve other investors. The famous scientist Thomas Alva Edison was a great friend of Henry Ford and encouraged him to pursue his idea and dream of establishing an automobile company that would make simple and affordable cars for Americans.
At first, only two to three workers worked on each car. On July 23, 1903, the company sold its first produced car, Ford Model A, and Dr. Ernst Pfennig, a Chicago dentist, became the first owner. Other automakers made cars for wealthy people, but Ford developed a design and manufacturing method that lowered the price of the Model T, which debuted in 1908 at a price tag of $ 825. In its first year a record sale of more than 10,000 cars was achieved. Four years later, the price dropped to $ 575. In 1914, Ford claimed a 48% share of the automobile market. The car sold like hotcakes. With increased demand, Ford was able to reduce the build time of the Model T from 12.5 hours to less than 6 hours. Ford created history and became the change maker of the automobile market.
World War I became a turning point as it changed the course of automobile history. Henry Ford was able to make a huge profit at that time. Ford Model T cars were used by various armies for military purposes. They served not only as ambulances, but also as delivery trucks, personnel cars, and artillery carriers. As soon as the United States joined the war, Ford began producing ambulances, trucks, vans, tanks, and submarine hunters. The Ford factory in Manchester’s Trafford Park supplied the British Army with 30,000 Model T’s as ambulances and troop carriers, water and ammunition.
When World War II started, there was a boost in Ford’s economy as they were serving both sides. They produced approximately around 2.82.352 War Jeeps in the years 1941-1945. Ford’s Willow Run bomber plant, located in suburban Detroit, built cars for war and not for public transportation. Ford V3000 ambulances were used in WWII by the Germans. Ford of Germany built a total of 80,000 trucks for the German army during the war.
Ford didn’t just make cars. They also made trucks, vans, and tractors. In 1925 they also made airplanes. They also produced some important automobiles in automobile history, in addition to the Ford Model T. The Ford 150 truck remained a best-seller for nearly six decades. Ford Mustang is the first American “muscle car”. Ford F-150 SVT Raptor, Lincoln Continental, Ford Thunderbird, Ford Transit, Ford Capri, Ford Escort are some of the most popular Ford cars.
Engines play a vital role in the success of the car. Ford produced 3, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 cylinder engines to date. Some of the important engines manufactured by Ford are Ford Model T engine, Flathead V-8 engine, Cobra Jet engine, Boss engine, Ecoboost engine, etc. The 1.0 Ecoboost is a UK designed 3 cylinder engine that has won awards from judges and industry experts. The Ecoboost engine is developed to save more fuel, be more environmentally friendly and less expensive. Ford is not only famous for producing beautiful cars, but also for producing one of the best engines and creating history in the competitive automobile market.
The Ford family has been a proud owner of the business for more than 100 years. It is one of the few notable brands in the world whose ownership remained in the founder’s family for more than a century. They pride themselves on producing the first car for the common man by breaking the idea that a car is owned by a rich man. Ford always created examples in the automotive industry. “$ 5 a day” is an important day in the history of mankind because around 10,000 people gave up wanting to get a job at Ford when there was a $ 5 a day wage increase. It created an impact within society as well as the automobile industry as the production rate and quality of Ford cars increased after the hike.
Today, Ford factories are located in the US, Great Britain, Germany, India, Brazil, Portugal, Argentina, Russia, Spain and many more. Henry Ford is considered to be not only an automobile manufacturer, but also a shift maker that changed the destiny of the automobile industry.