Most of the ancient builders advanced in the field of architecture. This was through the spirit of experimentation. The ancient Greeks stood out as the masters of architecture. They used wood, adobe and marble for their architectural structures. They used some as a refuge in which they lived. Others were built to house their gods that served as temples. However, the worship of the gods took place outside the temple. The Greeks built stadiums for athletic competitions and theaters for theatrical performances. The color was used to mark the details of his building. The design of the buildings was rectangular in shape with the base of three colored steps at the ends or around the porch (a structure attached to the exterior of a building that often forms a covered entrance). Blue and red were mainly used to paint their buildings. Other colors like yellow, green, black, golds (gold) were rarely used. Unpainted parts were waxed to improve their surface quality.
The style used for the construction of the temples in the archaic period was the DORIC style which is named after the Doric tribe to which the Spartans (residents of Sparta, an ancient Greek city famous for its military prowess) belonged.
The skills of the ancient Greeks in the area of architecture greatly improved during the classical period. Sculptural figures and columns were added to the architectural structures. In addition to the Doric style, the Ionic and Corinthian styles were also used for its architectural structures. The Corinthian style invented in the wealthy city of Corinth in 420 BC. C. was the most elegant in design.
In the latter part of ancient Greek architecture, large temple structures of gods were built during this period with large statues in the shape of animals such as lions placed at the entrances. An example is the Temple of Apollo. The plan and layout of this great temple were established by famous Hellenistic architects Painios and Daphnis. The mausoleums were built to remember Mausolus, who was the leader of Asia Minor. The old Doric style was rejected by the architects of this period.
In today’s modern societies, the three iconic styles of the Greeks are used as the basis for architectural structures in various countries of the world. For example, in Ghana, the entrance to the Manhyia palace of King Asante, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, has been lavishly crafted in the Corinthian style. Today’s architects can take advantage of the rudiments of popular ancient Greek architectural styles and develop new ones that can better address the unique architectural demands of the contemporary era.