Cancer is a disease in which cells divide and replicate abnormally, destroying body tissues. Prostate cancer is more common in men. The prostate gland is a walnut-sized structure found under the bladder in men. Prostate cancer is a medical condition characterized by abnormal growth of cells in the prostate gland. It affects the male reproductive system, including the prostate, penis, testicles, and seminal vesicles.
Although the important reasons for prostate cancer are unknown. The aberrant behavior of male androgen hormones, primarily testosterone, leads to prostate cancer. Testosterone is a hormone responsible for maintaining the cells of the prostate. Medical research claims that genetic factors, age, obesity, ethnicity, and family history are the main risk factors for prostate cancers. Age is the most common risk factor. There are many possibilities for prostate cancer as a man ages.
The irregular behavior of testosterone leads to the cancerous growth of prostate cells and affects the nerves responsible for ejaculation and erection, causing sexual dysfunction or impotence.
The initial symptoms of prostate cancer include
- Frequent urination
- Pain when urinating
- Burning sensation when urinating.
- Interrupted urine flow
- Blood in the urine
- Difficulty starting to urinate or emptying your bladder.
- Fatigue and incontinence
- Difficulty and pain in ejaculation.
Other symptoms include pain in the hips, pelvis, back, or ribs, along with swollen lymph nodes in the groin area.
Diagnosis and treatment
Prostate cancers grow slowly and have a relatively low risk. Prostate cancer, also known as prostate adenocarcinoma, is diagnosed by prostate biopsy, prostate specific antigen (PSA), and digital rectal examination. Cancer survival rates are high.
The prostate specific antigen (PSA) test is often used in the detection of adenocarcinoma of the prostate. The PSA test measures the amount of PSA in the blood. The higher the amount of PSA in the blood, the more likely there is cancer.
If cancer is identified, different tests are done to find out if cancer cells are localized or spread in other parts of the body. This method is called staging.
Treatment and diagnosis are based on the staging of the cancer. Radiation, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, surgery, anticancer drugs or drugs, and a healthy diet help treat cancer. When cancer is confined to the prostate, it is considered potentially curable. If the prostate cancer is metastatic or widespread, it can be treated with antiandrogen drugs.
Antiandrogen drugs, along with hormone therapy, block androgen activity and reduce testosterone synthesis.
Indenza is an antiandrogen drug effective in the treatment of MCRPC (metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer) and MCSPC (metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer). Medical Oncology has recommended anti-androgen medications such as Indenza, which contains a vigorous ingredient, enzalutamide, which blocks the role of testosterone in the adrenal glands.
Risk factors, such as ethnicity, age, or genetics, cannot be circumvented. However, medical studies and research have suggested that a diet rich in vegetables and fruits, low in fat, reduces the risk of prostate cancer. Fruits with high water content such as grapes, watermelons, tomatoes contain lycopene, and walnuts have effectively treated the risk. Recent studies have suggested that a plant-based diet for men is very beneficial in reducing the risk of cancer. Men should limit calcium intake, as high doses of calcium carry the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is asymptomatic at a young age and surfaces with age. Therefore, men should go to a urologist check-up once a year. Choose food instead of medicines, avoid meat, sugary drinks and alcohol, increase the intake of fruit juices and plant-based proteins in the form of vegetables, seeds and nuts in the daily routine. Cancer prevention with a healthy diet and a good lifestyle.