Dogs are considered the most social and affectionate animal with man. They have guarded and protected us since the beginning of civilizations. Dogs are undoubtedly the companion of man and have been domesticated but at the same time aggressive, cunning, agile, strong and territorial. They have sharp teeth, claws, a good cardiovascular system for running and chasing, and a strong, muscular build. They belong to the Canidae family of the order Carnivores. Dogs are scavengers and predators with strong jaws to tear, attack and sharp canines to bite.
The bite of a dog can be defined as grabbing with the teeth to injure that part. Dogs after so much domestication and continuous breeding reflect a level of intelligence in which they do not bite or bark for no reason. Any dog that bites or attacks has a reason to do so. It may be due to aggressive dominance behavior developed due to family members’ play, such as teasing or irritating the dog while it sleeps. The fear of territorial invasion is another reason why the dog may attack. Dogs can also bite when they are hurt, kicked, abused or touched in an injured place continuously, which is a provocation of the dog to bite. Some dog breeds have inherited bites from their ancestors and explicitly display this feature whenever they get the chance. Another factor that determines whether or not the dog will bite is socialization. Dog socialization plays an important role in the dog’s life cycle; dogs must have the opportunity to socialize with other dogs. They must be sensitized regarding their owners, children and guests who come to the house. This depends a lot on the obedience training of the dogs. They must be well trained to distinguish between alarming situations and to identify the suspicious person. They should bark but if necessary attack too.
Dog bites can be very dangerous and require vaccination. The nerve tissue vaccine is administered by dog bite after exposure. This involves injecting the vaccine into the stomach for 10 days with two booster doses. Today’s dog vaccines have evolved due to cell culture technology and can be administered to the buttocks and arms. In addition to effective pain, there are secondary symptoms such as mental stress, trauma, psychological effects, fear, permanent scars, and infections. The dog bite can also lead to a rabies infection that is very serious and painful. Dog bite can be avoided by educating the common masses, not approaching stray dogs, not trying to separate fighting dogs, not entering houses with dog warning. Dogs must be trained to avoid being bitten.